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4th International Conference on Pediatrics
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With the amalgamation of peerless speakers of Pediatrics-2015 OMICS International is privileged to announce its “4th International Conference on Pediatrics” which will be held during March 28-30, 2015 in Atlanta, USA. We cordially welcome all the eminent researchers, students and delegates to take part in this upcoming conference to witness invaluable scientific discussions and contribute to the future innovations in the field of Pediatrics. Pediatrics-2016 conference will focus on the latest and exciting innovations in all areas of Pediatrics research which offers a unique opportunity for investigators across the globe to meet, network, and perceive new scientific innovations. This year’s annual congress highlights the theme, “New emerging trends and research strategies to cure pediatric diseases” which reflects the innovative progress in Pediatric disease research. The three days conference includes workshops, symposiums, special keynote sessions conducted by eminent and renowned speakers who excel in the field of pediatrics which include the topics pediatric immunology, pediatric hematology and oncology, pediatric allergy, pediatric cardiology, pediatric neurology, pediatric psychology, pediatric emergencies and pediatric dentistry. Pediatrics-2016 also encourages the active participation of young student researchers as we are hosting Poster Award Competition and Young research Forum at the conference venue. Pediatrics-2016 conference invites Pediatric surgeons, neonatologists, child specialists and all the eminent researchers and experts in the field of Pediatric medicine. The conference also welcomes the participation of Presidents, CEO’s, Delegates and industrial executives from Pediatric Pharma and Health care sectors making the conference a perfect platform to network, share views and knowledge through interactive keynote, plenary, poster and B2B discussions. OMICS International Organizes 300+ Conferences every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 400+ Open access journals which contains over 30000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members. It is being acknowledged that in United States alone, more than 9,000 children die every year while more than 225,000 children are being hospitalized annually. Reports state that almost 9 million children are treated for their injuries in hospital emergency departments every year. The global pediatric healthcare market touches around $81.0 billion. Pediatric associations are being funded annually about $629,559 million to $669,841 million for pediatric research. Reflecting this imperative, OMICS Group believes that professionally-oriented education in pediatric medicine is essential in the training of clinicians and academicians and organizes Pediatrics-2016 conference in Atlanta, USA this year which will provide the future leadership in this key area for global health. Scientific Sessions Track 1: General Pediatrics The aim of the study of pediatrics is to reduce infant and child rate of deaths, control the spread of infectious disease, promote healthy lifestyles for a long disease-free life and help ease the problems of children and adolescents. It can be acknowledged that this can be reached by learning the major and primary subject on General Pediatrics. General Pediatrics includes the basic treatments involved for the betterment of pediatric health. The most significant problems can be due to nutritional deficiencies to the overall health of infants and children because growth and development can be seriously hindered by shortages in essential vitamins or nutrients. A child has medical problems that might be genetic which can be learnt under general pediatrics. When a child has medical problems involving more than one body system, screening of genetic abnormalities may be recommended to identify the cause and make a diagnosis. This can be recognized by being educated about themodern imaging risks in children suffering with pediatric genetic disorders. During the course of these techniques providing effective pain management for children is widely recognized as a complicated and challenging aspect. This challenge can be achieved by learning about child psychology and behavioral studieswhich can ease the complications with the child during the treatment. General Pediatrics not only includes the study of child health care during their growth but also includes the health care of newborn babies. While still in the womb, some babies have problems with how their organs and body parts form, how they work, or how their bodies turn food into energy. When babies are born with these health problems, they're called birth defects. The broad range of surgical techniques that are used to treat these birth defects in fetuses is fetal surgery. The Division of General Pediatrics has grown dramatically over the past 5 years. Around 150 research institutes are working on the research topics included in the study of general pediatrics. The targeted audience includes all the child specialists, general pediatricians and all the eminent researchers and experts in the field of General Pediatrics. It is being acknowledged that over $25 million is been funded for research studies of general pediatrics. Track 2: Preterm-birth Complications and Neonatal Intensive Care Premature birth complications can vary between premature babies and some are more serious than others. Preterm birth complications are the leading cause of death among children under 5 years of age, responsible for nearly 1 million deaths in 2013. Neonatal resuscitation skills are essential for all health care providers who are involved in the delivery of newborns. Clinicians must use the latest non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies for effective management of neonatal pain, distress, or agitation to avoid neonatal complications. As a child is growing it is important to concentrate on health care transition planning. Nutrients and growth factors regulate brain development during fetal and early postnatal life. Hence it is important to know the nutritional and toxic influences on neonatal outcome. Kernicterus (Bilirubin encephalopathy) is an acquired metabolic encephalopathy of the neonatal period is one of the toxic influences. Neonatal Polycythemia, defined as a central venous hematocrit (Hct) level of greater than 65%, is a relatively common disorder in neonates. Around 150 research institutes are working on the research topics included in the study of pediatric immunology and infectious diseases. The targeted audience includes all the pediatricians, neonatologists, respiratory therapists, nurses, and others who deal with pediatric neonatal care. Track 3: Pediatric Immunology and Infectious Diseases Pediatric immunology provides diagnostic and therapeutic services for both children with a suspected or known primary immune deficiency disorder. Bone infections, or osteomyelitis, involve inflammation of the bone are usually caused by a bacterial infection. In children, the bacteria most often Staphylococcus aureus (staph infection) is primarily carried through the blood leading to bacterial infections in children. Hence vaccination plays an important role in newborn children. Most of the children also affected due to travel related infections. It is acknowledged that many children are affected by various infectious diseases. Hence it is important to do more research on the imaging and diagnosis of infectious diseases and prevent the increased mortality rate of children being affected with infectious diseases. As of 2013, of the estimated 35.3 million people worldwide living with HIV, approximately 3.2 million are children under 15 years of age. An estimated 260,000 children were newly infected with HIV in 2012; further, nearly 700 children are newly infected with HIV every day. Reflecting this imperative, it is equally important to learn about the diagnosing and caring of pediatric HIV patients Around 150 research institutes are working on the research topics included in the study of pediatric immunology and infectious diseases. The targeted audience includes all the pediatric immunologists, general pediatricians and all the eminent researchers and experts in the field of pediatric immunology and infectious diseases. It is being acknowledged that Despite a slight decline in 2010, at US$ 3.06 billion, global expenditure on R&D for neglected diseases is nearly 19.5% higher than in 2007 is been funded. Track 4: Pediatric Cancer and Blood Disorders It can be frightening to hear that a child has cancer or a blood disorder. It is acknowledged that Neuroblastomais the most common extracranial solid tumor of infancy. It is an embryonal malignancy of the sympathetic nervous system arising from neuroblasts (pluripotent sympathetic cells). Researchers are looking for genetic source of childhood brain tumors. Their main target is Germ cell tumors (GCTs) in children which are masses of tissue formed by the type of immature cells. Germ cell tumors may be malignant, which means cancerous, or they may be benign, which means noncancerous. The common blood disorders in children are leukemia and lymphoma. Leukemia is a disease of the white blood cells. The most common type of pediatric leukemia is acute lymphocytic leukemia. Other types of leukemia that occur less frequently in children are acute myeloid leukemia, and chronic myeloid leukemia. Lymphomas (Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma) are the third most common cancer in children. Based on the characteristics and microscopic appearance of the cancer cell, the pediatric lymphomas are divided into Hodgkin Lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Around 150 research institutes are working on the research topics included in the study of pediatric cancer and blood disorders. The targeted audience includes all the pediatric oncologists, pediatric hematologists, general pediatricians and all the eminent researchers and experts in the field of Pediatrics. 43 children per day or 15,780 children per year are expected to be diagnosed with cancer. It is being acknowledged that only 4% of U.S federal funding is solely dedicated for childhood cancer research. Track 5: Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disorders Pediatric Allergy is an important subject to be learnt in order to promote understanding and advance the treatment of respiratory, allergic, and immunologic diseases in children. It emphasizes the epidemiologic research on the most common chronic illnesses of children—asthma and allergies—as well as many less common and rare diseases. Swollen or enlarged adenoids and Tonsils are common in children. Epiglottitis is another cause of pediatric dyspnea that should be considered by the EMT when evaluating children inrespiratory distress . Pneumonia is often caused by viruses, such as the influenza virus (flu) and adenovirus. Other viruses, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus, are common causes of pneumonia in young kids and babies. Hence it is important to study the diagnosis, immunization and preventive measure of these diseases. Around 150 research institutes are working on the research topics included in the study of pediatric cancer and blood disorders. The targeted audience includes all pediatric nurse practitioners, respiratory therapists, dieticians, nurses, physiotherapists, and medical assistants and all the eminent researchers and experts in the field of Pediatrics. Track 6: Pediatric Cardiology and Research The study of Pediatric Cardiology is responsible for the diagnosis of congenital heart defects, performing diagnostic procedures such as echocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, and electrophysiology studies, and for the ongoing management of the sequelae of heart disease in infants, children and adolescents. The increasing number of neonates with congenital heart defects referred to the neonatal intensive care unit reflects the increasing awareness that the defects may be present. Chest radiography and ECG rarely assist in theneonatal diagnosis. The most likely causes of pediatric congestive heart failure depend on the age of the child. Congestive heart failure in the fetus, or hydrops, can be detected by performing fetal echocardiography. In this case, congestive heart failure may represent underlying anemia (eg, Rh sensitization, fetal-maternal transfusion), arrhythmias (usually supraventricular tachycardia), or myocardial dysfunction (myocarditis or cardiomyopathy). Many of the pediatric heart defects such as patent ductus arteriosus interruption, vascular ring division, pericardial window, diaphragm placation, thoracic duct ligation, ligation of collateral vessels have been repaired using pediatric interventional cardiology. The barriers and challenges to achieving routinely applicable Tissue Engineered and Regenerative Cardiac Surgery Methods are also explored as is a novel concept for the Cardiac Hybrid Operating Room Suite of the 21st Century. Apart from these techniques nursing and care for pediatric cardiac patients also plays an important role for the cure of pediatric cardiac patients. Around 150 research institutes are working on the research topics included in the study of pediatric cancer and blood disorders. The targeted audience includes all pediatric cardiologists, physicians, pediatric cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, anesthesiologists and intensivists, advanced practice providers, nurses, perfusionists, respiratory therapists, sonographers, trainees and other allied health care providers. Pediatric Cardiology has been funded with $6.3 million for 58 basic science, translational and clinical research projects across the high economic countries. For supporting of the life-saving heart surgery the approved fund is 1 million and 400,000 Euros for the prevention of pediatric cardiac diseases from around the globe. Track 7: Pediatric Neurology and Research Researchers are engaged in a variety of laboratory and clinical research programs to extend their understanding of the developing nervous system and pathologic processes that underlie neurological disorders in children. The most common neurological disease is pediatric epilepsy. Approximately 70% of children who suffer epilepsy during their childhood eventually outgrow it. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a diagnostic tool used for inherited metabolic disorders. To date, MRS has been limited to the assessment for cerebral lactic acidosis inmitochondrial disorders in children. Neuromuscular and genetic metabolic diseases are the most commongenetic related disorders in children. The new frontier to improve outcomes in crticially ill pediatric patients with neurological illness is Pediatric Neurocritical Care. Around 150 research institutes are working on the research topics included in the study of pediatric cancer and blood disorders. The targeted audience includes all pediatric neurologists, physicians, surgeons, and intensivists, advanced practice providers, nurses, and other allied health care providers. In the U.S. alone, the annual costs associated with the epilepsies are estimated to be $15.5 billion in direct medical expenses and lost or reduced earnings and productivity. Track 8: Gastrointestinal and Urogenital Complications in Pediatrics Gastrointestinal disorders in children range from minor to life threatening, and short- to long-term or chronic.Neonatal Jaundice is one of the most common conditions needing medical attention in newborn babies. Approximately 60% of term and 80% of preterm babies develop jaundice in the first week of life, and about 10% of breastfed babies are still jaundiced at 1 month of age. Gastrointestinal food allergies are not rare in infants and children. Rhabdoid tumor of the kidney is a type of kidney cancer that occurs mostly in infants and young children. Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopic procedure a pediatric endoscopy has become an essential modality for evaluation and treatment of GI diseases. Complex gastrointestinal surgery is one of the common methods to treat GI disorder in children. Around 150 research institutes are working on the research topics included in the study of pediatric cancer and blood disorders. The targeted audience includes all gastroenterologists, hepatologists, clinicians and nurses. Pediatric Gastrointestinal disorders research is funded about $2 million. Track 9: Pediatric Mental Health and Psychology Nearly every child or teen faces some challenges as they grow up because of peer pressure, family changes, a death or other loss, managing a chronic illness, or simply because it isn’t easy making the change from being a child to being an adult. Poor mental health can affect overall well-being and can lead to emotional and behavioral changes, ADHD and learning disabilities. Many children experience loss or stress, and others must manage their chronic illness at a young age. Some children have a disorder that runs in the family and puts them at higher risk for depression or anxiety. Some children may also be affected due to school problems and relationship problems and leads to behavioral and developmental disorders. If a child or teen shows extreme anxiety, depression, problems with nightmares and sleeping, aggressive behaviors or if he talks of suicide, seek immediate cognitive behavioral therapies Around 150 research institutes are working on the research topics included in the study of pediatric cancer and blood disorders. The targeted audience includes all pediatric psychologists, pediatric psychiatrists and general pediatricians. Track 10: Pediatric Emergencies and Trauma Treatment Emergent management of pediatric patients with fever is a common challenge. Children with fever account for as many as 20% of pediatric emergency department (ED) visits, and the underlying disorders in these cases range from mild conditions to the most serious of bacterial and viral illnesses. Asphyxial cardiac arrest is more common than VF cardiac arrest in infants and children, and ventilations are extremely important in pediatric resuscitation. It occurs in circumstances that obstruct the airway or otherwise prevent the intake of oxygen. Many congenital and acquired heart diseases may present with heart failure. This requires immediate management of common cardiac emergencies in children beyond the neonatal period, illustrated with typical clinical scenarios, ECG recordings or X-ray/echocardiographic images. But it is important to learn about radiation consequences of CT in children. Because of the rapidly growing use of pediatric CT and the potential for increased radiation exposure to children undergoing these scans, special considerations should be applied when using pediatric CT. Around 150 research institutes are working on the research topics included in the study of pediatric cancer and blood disorders. The targeted audience includes all pediatricians, physicians, radiologists and nurses.