Track 01: Addiction Medicine
Drug induced disorder is identified by use of one or many drugs results to a clinical impairment or distress. Alcohol related dementia is a form of dementia caused by long-term, excessive drinking, leads to neurological damage and impaired mental condition. Drugs like amphetamines, or its substitutes, are known to induce "Amphetamine psychosis" when they are abused. In Australian, study of 400 active methamphetamine users, 20% experienced a clinical level psychosis in the last year. In 2013 drug use disorders results in 127,000 deaths up from 53,000 in 1990. The large number of deaths is from Opioid abuse disorders at 51,000. Alcohol use disorders resulted in 139,000 deaths. There are at least 600,000 individuals with opioid dependence in the USA. It has been estimated that 1% of the population has met criteria for opioid dependence.
In 1800s and early 1900s, individuals dependent on opioids were primarily developed and from middle socioeconomic groups. However, since the 2000s, minorities and lower socioeconomic groups have been recognised with Opioid dependence. It shows availability of opioids and subcultural factors in opioid use. Therefore, medical professionals are at higher risk for developing opioid-related disorders. It is estimated that 90% of those with opioid dependence have one or more other mental disorders. Depression is commonly identified. Opioid-dependents report suicidal tendency and insomnia. Other substance use disorders anxiety disorders, antisocial personality disorder, post-traumatic stress disorders are common. Studies shown that disorders like attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and anti-social personality disorder have genetic variations, and since patients who abuse cocaine have a high incidence of diagnoses, they also genetically deposited to abuse cocaine. Cocaine induced psychotic problems are Hallucination, Delusions, Delirium, and mood disorders. Benzodiazepine dependence is resulting from repeated use of benzodiazepine drugs. It can include both a physical dependence and psychological dependence and is identified by a withdrawal syndrome upon a fall in blood plasma levels of benzodiazepines during dose reduction.
Track 02: Clinical Aspects & Case Studies
Recent clinical studies have shown that between 30% and 60% of drug abusers have mental health diagnoses Depression, Schizophrenia, and Manic illness disorders. Drug Addiction is a typical of disorder involves the interaction of environmental factors and genetic factors to increase the susceptibility of an individual to addictive behaviour. SAMHA scientists are working on the pharmacological and psychosocial models and approaches that involve preclinical studies and clinical findings, to explain the effects of mental health and physical disorders and outcomes in addicted persons. Researchers focus on pregnant women smokes cigarettes. Tobacco usage elevates therapeutic and behavioural therapies in smokers with concurrent psychiatric disorders. Scientists are developing interventions using pharmacological and behavioural treatments in alcohol and opioid dependence. The overall goal of the research is to participate and conduct high-quality multi-site clinical trials for drug abuse and addiction, for the development, and adoption of effective approaches in this field.
Track 03: Dual Diagnosis
Dual diagnosis is the condition of suffering from a mental disorder and a co-occurring substance abuse problem. Any patient can have a "dual diagnosis" and treated primarily for an addiction disorder can have a “co-occurring mental disorder”. Like depression and alcoholism. Diagnosing a primary psychiatric illness in substance abusers is challenging as drug abuse itself often induces psychiatric problems, thus making it necessary to differentiate between drug induced and pre-existing mental illness. Drug abuse, including alcohol and prescription drugs, can induce symptoms which resembles mental illness, it is tough to differ substance induced psychiatric syndromes and pre-existing mental health problems. Psychiatric disorders among drug or alcohol abusers disappear with prolonged abstinence.
July 18th 2016 to July 19 2016