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World Congress and Expo on Medical Devices 2015
Recent breakthroughs and radial approaches on Medical Devices
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World Congress and Expo on Medical Devices-2015
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OMICS Group International proudly announces the initiation of “World Congress and Expo on Medical Devices” which is scheduled to organize on September 21-23, 2015 at Florida, USA. The scientific program concentrates around the theme “Recent breakthroughs and radical approaches on Medical Devices”. This event includes interactive panel discussions, keynote lectures, plenary talks and poster sessions on the topics Surgery devices, implants and radiation devices, Orthotics & Prosthetics, Biomedical Electronics and Imaging, In-vitro Diagnostic tools, Computer aided applications in Medical Devices and regulatory issues of medical devices as well as the recent advancements and upcoming challenges in the respective field. Medical Devices-2015 conference will focus on the latest and exciting innovations in all areas of research on Medical Devices offering a unique opportunity for investigators across the globe to meet, network, and perceive new scientific innovations. The conference invites scientists, surgeons, Academicians, Clinicians, Researchers, Physical therapists, Health care professionals, students, business delegates and Young researchers across the globe providing a better podium, interconnecting the latest research, technological developments in the arena as well as therapeutic aspects. Medical devices have become such a vital part of modern healthcare that practically no diagnosis or treatment is possible without them. According to the WHO, there are about 1.5 million medical devices available today, ranging from low cost devices like the thermometer and stethoscope to expensive, highly sophisticated devices like MRI and chemotherapy machines. With the increasing complexity and connectivity of medical devices, the role of medical device development is becoming more crucial. This connectivity has made it possible for doctors to diagnose and treat patients. OMICS Group International is an integration of Open Access publications and International Scientific conferences organizers. OMICS Group maintains a scientific network by connecting with different community members all across the globe. OMICS Publishing Group has a team of more than 30,000 Editorial Board Members from various field of science and medical diagnostics, boasting a base to inter connect the overseas knowledge of more than 5 million followers. OMICS Group owns 400 peer-reviewed scholarly Open access journals and organizes more than 300 international conferences every year in the light of collaborating with 1000 more collaborative bodies for hosting national symposium and workshops. Scientific Sessions Track-1 Surgical Medical Devices surgical medical devices are specially designed tool or device for performing specific actions of carrying out desired effects during a surgery or operation, such as modifying biological tissue, or to provide access for viewing it. Over time, many different kinds of surgical instruments and tools have been invented. Some surgical instruments are designed for general use in surgery, while others are designed for a specific procedure or surgery. Accordingly, the nomenclature of surgical instruments follows certain patterns, such as a description of the action it performs (for example, scalpel, hemostat), the name of its inventor(s) (for example, the Kocher forceps), or a compound scientific name related to the kind of surgery (for example, a tracheotome is a tool used to perform a tracheotomy). Cardiovascular devices are medical imaging technology for the non-invasive assessment of the function and structure of the cardiovascular system. Plastic surgery is a medical specialty concerned with the correction or restoration of form and function of the body. Though cosmetic or aesthetic surgery is the most well-known kind of plastic surgery, plastic surgery itself is not necessarily considered cosmetic and includes many types of reconstructive surgery, craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns. Obstetrics and gynaecology is the medical speciality dealing with fields of obstetrics and gynaecology to be adept at the care of female reproductive organs's health and at the management of obstetric complications, even through surgery. Dental anesthesiology is the specialty of dentistry that deals with the management of pain through the use of advanced local and general anesthesia techniques. Otorhinolaryngology (Otolaryngology) is the area of medicine that deals with disorders and conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) region. Doctors who specialize in this area are called otorhinolaryngologists, otolaryngologists, ENT doctors, ENT surgeons, or head and neck surgeons. Ophthalmic devices are used in eye surgery. Their introduction has had a profound influence on the evolution of extracapsular and phacoemulsification surgery, and their use has decreased the incidence of corneal edema as a complication of phaco surgery. According to recent statistics report, there are presently 141 accredited MD-granting institutions and 31 accredited DO-granting institutions in the United States. One of the fastest growing states with over 1.6 million people in contrast. The global medical device market reached roughly $209 billion. Nearly $240 billion is being funded on medical devices alone per year. OMICS Group aims to the latest and exciting innovations through its international conference on medical devices and cordially invites participants across the globe to discuss on the topics of medical devices. Track-2. Biomedical electronics and medical imaging Biomedical electronics and medical imaging are the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g. diagnostic or therapeutic). This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine: It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to advance neuro-modulation systems, including diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy. Biomedical engineering has only recently emerged as its own study, compared to many other engineering fields. Such an evolution is common as a new field transitions from being an interdisciplinary specialization among already-established fields, to being considered a field in itself. Much of the work in biomedical engineering consists of research and development, spanning a broad array of subfields. Prominent biomedical engineering applications include the development of biocompatible prostheses, Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and echo cardiograph medical devices ranging from clinical equipment to micro-implants, common imaging equipment such as ultrasonic and neuroimaging, regenerative tissue growth, pharmaceutical drugs and therapeutic biologicals. Medical Devices-2015 Targets, Biomedical engineers, scientists, surgeons, Academicians, Clinicians, Researchers, Physical therapists, Health care professionals, students, business delegates and Young researchers across the globe providing a better podium, interconnecting the latest research, technological developments in the arena as well as therapeutic aspects. Florida one of the finest place for a conference on medical Devices. Track-3. Design of implants and radiation devices An implant is a medical device manufactured to replace a missing biological structure, support a damaged biological structure, or enhance an existing biological structure. Medical implants are man-made devices, in contrast to a transplant, which is a transplanted biomedical tissue. The surface of implants that contact the body might be made of a biomedical material such as titanium, silicone or apatite depending on what is the most functional. In some cases implants contain electronics e.g. cochlear implants and surgical mesh implants. Radiosurgery is surgery using radiation that is, the destruction of precisely selected areas of tissue using ionizing radiation rather than excision with a blade. Like other forms of radiation therapy, it is usually used to treat cancer. Eye surgeries using radiation devices like laser eye surgery and refractive surgery are commonly used as if they were interchangeable, this is not the case. Lasers may be used to treat nonrefractive conditions (e.g. to seal a retinal tear). Laser eye surgery or laser corneal surgery is a medical procedure that uses a laser to reshape the surface of the eye. This is done to correct myopia (short-sightedness), hypermetropia (long sightedness) and astigmatism (uneven curvature of the eye's surface). It is important to note that refractive surgery is not compatible with everyone, and rarely people may find that eyewear is still needed after surgery. Radiography is an imaging technique that uses electromagnetic radiation other than visible light, especially X-rays, to view the internal structure of a non-uniformly composed and opaque object (i.e. a non-transparent object of varying density and composition) such as the human body. To create the image, a heterogeneous beam of X-rays is produced by an X-ray generator and is projected toward the object. A certain amount of X-ray is absorbed by the object, which is dependent on the particular density and composition of that object. The X-rays that pass through the object are captured behind the object by a detector (either photographic film or a digital detector). The detector can then provide a superimposed 2D representation of all the object's internal structures. Tomography refers to imaging by sections or sectioning, through the use of any kind of penetrating wave. The method is used in radiology, archaeology, biology, atmospheric science, geophysics, oceanography, plasma physics, materials science, astrophysics, quantum information, and other sciences. In most cases it is based on the mathematical procedure called tomographic reconstruction. Track-4. Orthotics and prosthetics Orthotics is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design, manufacture and application of orthoses. An orthosis is "an externally applied device used to modify the structural and functional characteristics of the neuromuscular and skeletal system". An orthotist is the primary medical clinician responsible for the prescription, manufacture and management of orthoses. Prosthetics is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions. Prosthetic amputee rehabilitation is primarily coordinated by a prosthetist and an inter-disciplinary team of health care professionals including psychiatrists, surgeons, physical therapists, and occupational therapists. The Exo Prosthetic Leg relies heavily on modern 3D scanning and 3D printing technology, and could eliminate the costly and time consuming traditional methods of creating replacement limbs. Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant. Hip replacement surgery can be performed as a total replacement or a hemi (half) replacement. Knee replacement, or knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve pain and disability. It is most commonly performed for osteoarthritis. Biomaterials can be derived either from nature or synthesized in the laboratory using a variety of chemical approaches utilizing metallic components, polymers, ceramics or composite materials. They are often used and/or adapted for a medical application, and thus comprises whole or part of a living structure or biomedical device which performs, augments, or replaces a natural function. Such functions may be benign, like being used for a heart valve, or may be bioactive with a more interactive functionality such as hydroxy-apatite coated hip implants. Joint prosthesis, is a procedure of orthopedic surgery in which an arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with an orthopedic prosthesis. Joint replacement is considered as a treatment when severe joint pain or dysfunction is not alleviated by less-invasive therapies. Track-5. Biomarkers and invitro diagnostics Biomarker is a measurable indicator of the severity or presence of some disease state. More generally a biomarker is anything that can be used as an indicator of a particular disease state or some other physiological state of an organism. In vitro diagnostics refers to a wide range of medical and veterinary laboratory tests that are used to diagnose diseases and monitor the clinical status of patients using samples of blood, cells or other tissues obtained from a patient. Liver biomarkers are of increasing importance in the development of new therapeutics for treatment and prevention of a broad range of diseases to avoid hepatotoxicity. Just recently vitamin D-binding protein (Gc globulin) and liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP), have been identified as biomarkers of liver toxicity and injury. In the past limitations of existing biomarkers to detect liver injury in experimental animals highlight the need for new liver biomarkers to predict human liver toxicity. Biomarkers in cancer medicine are for disease prognosis, which take place after an individual has been diagnosed with cancer. Here biomarkers can be useful in determining the aggressiveness of an identified cancer as well as its likelihood of responding to a given treatment. In part, this is because tumors exhibiting particular biomarkers may be responsive to treatments tied to that biomarker's expression or presence. A lab-on-a-chip (LOC) is a device that integrates one or several laboratory functions on a single chip of only millimeters to a few square centimeters in size. LOCs deal with the handling of extremely small fluid volumes down to less than pico liters. Lab-on-a-chip devices are a subset of MEMS devices and often indicated by "Micro Total Analysis Systems" (µTAS). Biomarkers that may be helpful in diabetic nephropathy include α-GST18and retinol-binding protein 4.18Of the few biomarkers shown to reflect injury to the Loop of Henle only osteopontin has evidence of association with diabetic nephropathy. Biomarkers into renal angina positive patients improves predictive performance for subsequent severe AKI. In the initial study of the RAI incorporating AKI biomarkers, a positive biomarker result (using matrix metalloproteinase-8, neutrophil elastase-2, or NGAL) in the population with an RAI > or = 8 significantly increased the predictive discrimination of renal angina for subsequent severe AKI. Improvement of AKI prediction by incorporation of biomarkers into the renal angina index occurred via correct classification of disease, improving the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC), demonstrating net reclassification improvement (NRI), and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI). Track-6. Innovations in personal medical devices Personal medical devices standards are a group of standards addressing the interoperability of personal health devices (PHDs) such as weighing scales, blood pressure monitors, blood glucose monitors and the like. The standards draw upon earlier IEEE11073 standards work, but differ from this earlier work due to an emphasis on devices for personal use (rather than hospital use) and a simpler communications model. An intraocular lens (IOL) is a lens implanted in the eye used to treat cataracts or myopia. The most common type of IOL is the pseudophakic IOL. These are implanted during cataract surgery, after the cloudy crystalline lens (otherwise known as a cataract) has been removed. Oxygen therapy is one of the Personal use therapeutic device administration of oxygen as a medical intervention, which can be for a variety of purposes in both chronic and acute patient care. Oxygen is essential for cell metabolism, and in turn, tissue oxygenation is essential for all normal physiological functions. A heart rate monitor is a personal monitoring device that allows one to measure one's heart rate in real time or record the heart rate for later study. It is largely used by performers of various types of physical exercise. Track-7. Perspectives in physical medicine Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a form of laser medicine used in physical therapy and veterinary treatment that uses low-level (low-power) lasers or light-emitting diodes to alter cellular function. Other names for the therapy include low-power laser, soft laser, cold laser, biostimulation laser, therapeutic laser, and laser acupuncture. Whereas high-power lasers ablate tissue, low-power lasers are claimed to stimulate it and to encourage the cells to function. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive method used to stimulate small regions of the brain. During a TMS procedure, a magnetic field generator, or "coil" is placed near the head of the person receiving the treatment. The coil produces small electrical currents in the region of the brain just under the coil via electromagnetic induction. The coil is connected to a pulse generator, or stimulator, that delivers electrical current to the coil. A polyaxial screw is used for connecting vertebrae to rods in spinal surgery. It is essentially a screw whose spherical head is enclosed on a housing, which allows the screw a range of motion along several different axes relative to the housing. The ball joint allows the surgeon some flexibility in placing the screws. The Spinal rod is a stainless steel surgical device. Historically, this rod was implanted along the spinal column to treat, among other conditions, a lateral or coronal-plane curvature of the spine, or scoliosis. Spinal disc is a medical condition affecting the spine in which a tear in the outer, fibrous ringof an intervertebral disc allows the soft, central portion to bulge out beyond the damaged outer rings. It is commonly used for muscle relaxation. It is also a method of heating tissue electromagnetically or ultrasonically for therapeutic purposes in medicine. Diathermy is used in physical therapy and occupational therapy to deliver moderate heat directly to pathologic lesions in the deeper tissues of the body. Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), also known as physiatry or rehabilitation medicine, is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities. A physician having completed training in this field is referred to as a physiatrist or rehabilitation medicine specialist. Physiatrists specialize in restoring optimal function to people with injuries to the muscles, bones, tissues, and nervous system (such as stroke patients). Track-8. Advanced technologies in medical devices Advanced Technology in medical devices is application of organized knowledge and skills in the form of devices, medicines, vaccines, procedures and systems developed to solve a health problem and improve quality of lives. This includes the pharmaceuticals, devices, procedures and organizational systems used in health care. Laser devices for diagnosis used in medicine include in principle any type or laser design, but especially CO2 lasers used to vaporize tissue, diode lasers, dye lasers, excimer lasers, fiber lasers, gas lasers, free electron lasers, Semiconductor diode lasers. Thermometers are a type of sensor commonly used in health care. Many different types of biomedical sensor devices are already used in health care, including self-care at home. Thermometers translate the expansion of a fluid or bending of a metal strip in response to heat into a number corresponding to body temperature. Paper-based home pregnancy tests contain a substance that changes color in the presence of hormones indicating pregnancy. In hospitals and other provider-based settings, you can find more complex types of sensors like pulse oximeters (also known as blood-oxygen monitors), which measure changes in the body’s absorption of special types of light to provide information on a patient’s heart rate and the amount of oxygen in the blood. A tympanostomy tube (also known as a grommet, T-tube, ear tube, pressure equalization tube, vent, PE tube or myringotomy tube) is a small tube inserted into the eardrum in order to keep the middle ear aerated for a prolonged period of time, and to prevent the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear. The operation to insert the tube involves a myringotomy and is performed under local or general anesthesia. The tube itself is made in a variety of designs. Artificial eye lenses are made of inert (or non-reactive) materials, such as PMMA, silicone, and acrylic. Just like natural lenses, artificial lenses have refractive power, or the ability to bend light, which helps to focus light rays and images on the retina. Because of this refractive power, it is now possible to correct nearsightedness and farsightedness with artificial lenses. A ventricular assist device (VAD) is a mechanical pump that's used to support heart function and blood flow in people who have weakened hearts. pacemaker that regulates the heart by wirelessly zapping it with pulses of ultrasound from outside the organ. Track-9. Medical Devices for home use Home medical devices are a category of devices used for patients whose care is being managed from a home or other private facility managed by a nonprofessional caregiver or family member. It is often referred to as "durable" medical equipment (DME) as it is intended to withstand repeated use by non-professionals or the patient, and is appropriate for use in the home. Telehealth is the use of technology to deliver health care, health information or health education at a distance. Common applications include: teleradiology, in which test results are forwarded to another facility for diagnosis; continuing professional education, including presentations by specialists to general practitioners; and home monitoring, a supplement to home visits from nursing professionals. The boundaries of telehealth, though, are limited only by the technology available - new applications are being invented and tested every day. The increasing use of microprocessors and associated software in both implanted and external medical devices poses special analytical challenges. Programmable pacemakers, long-term portable ECG recorders, and ECG arrhythmia detection monitors, for example, contain cardiac arrhythmia detection software. Examination of such devices is difficult, especially because failures are rare and transient. Designing and developing home use devices that comply with applicable standards of safety and effectiveness and other regulatory requirements. Devices used in the home or other non-clinical environments are associated with unique risks created by the interactions among the user (often a layperson), the use environment, and the device. This guidance identifies several factors that manufacturers of home use devices should consider, especially during device design and development, and provides recommendations for minimizing these unique risks. A patient care handwash has been performed. Necessary materials and equipment: calibrated medicine cups, disposable medicine cups, tray, medications, medicated pads or patches, application papers, tape, DA Form 3949, and the patient's clinical record. Respiratory equipments serve to protect the user from breathing in contaminants in the air, thus preserving the health of one's respiratory tract. There are two main types of respirators. One type of respirator functions by filtering out chemicals and gases or airborne particles from the air breathed by the user. Gas masks and particulate respirators are examples of this type of respirator. A second type of respirator protects users by providing clean, respirable air from another source. This type includes airline respirators and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA). In work environments, respirators are relied upon when adequate ventilation is not available or other engineering control systems are not feasible or inadequate. Track-10. Computer modeling and simulation for medical devices To improve the design and testing of medical devices such as cardiovascular stents that are implanted in the human body, mathematical modeling techniques like computational fluid dynamics and finite element analysis (FEA) are being increasingly used these days in addition to traditional in-vitro techniques. In radiology, computer-aided detection (CADe), also called computer-aided diagnosis (CADx), are procedures in medicine that assist doctors in the interpretation of medical images. Imaging techniques in X-ray, MRI, and Ultrasound diagnostics yield a great deal of information, which the radiologist has to analyze and evaluate comprehensively in a short time. CAD systems help scan digital images, e.g. from computed tomography, for typical appearances and to highlight conspicuous sections, such as possible diseases. Computer-assisted surgery (CAS), also known as image-guided surgery, surgical navigation, and 3-D computer surgery, is any computer-based procedure that uses technologies such as 3D imaging and real-time sensing in the planning, execution and follow-up of surgical procedures. CAS allows for better visualization and targeting of sites as well as improved diagnostic capabilities, giving it a significant advantage over conventional techniques. Robotic surgery, on the other hand, requires the use of a surgical robot, which may or may not involve the direct role of a surgeon during the procedure. A robot is defined as a computerized system with a motorized construction (usually an arm) capable of interacting with the environment. In its most basic form, it contains sensors, which provide feedback data on the robot’s current situation, and a system to process this information so that the next action can be determined. One key advantage of robotic surgery over computer-assisted is its accuracy and ability to repeat identical motions. Mobile medical apps are apparatuses, like scalpels and stethoscopes. These apps have great power to help diagnose, treat, or heal — but they can also fail, and failure can have detrimental consequences for the user. Even seemingly simple apps are complex instruments of code, with complex implications for health. They deserve the same attention to safety and efficacy as all medical devices, both during the development life cycle and after release. Track-11. Quality system and regulatory issues of medical devices The Quality System regulation outlines the minimum elements of a system for designing and producing a medical device. Manufacturers of medical devices commonly find that their quality needs are broader than these basic elements because of the additional need to meet company quality claims as required by paragraph 501(c) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic (FD&C) Act and to meet customer needs and requirements. Laser radiation safety is the safe design, use and implementation of lasers to minimize the risk of laser accidents, especially those involving eye injuries. Since even relatively small amounts of laser light can lead to permanent eye injuries, the sale and usage of lasers is typically subject to government regulations. Moderate and high-power lasers are potentially hazardous because they can burn the retina of the eye, or even the skin. To control the risk of injury, various specifications, for example ANSI Z136 in the US and IEC 60825 internationally, define "classes" of laser depending on their power and wavelength. These regulations also prescribe required safety measures, such as labeling lasers with specific warnings, and wearing laser safety goggles when operating lasers. FDA's Center for medical devices and Radiological Health regulates companies that design, manufacture, repackage, relabel, and/or import medical devices into the United States. The agency does not regulate the practice of medicine – how and which physicians can use a device. The only exception is FDA's regulation of mammography facilities under the Mammography Quality Standards Act. Track-12. Regulatory guidelines and standard for medical devices Guidance documents are documents prepared for FDA, medical devices industries, staff, regulated industry, and the public that describe the agency's interpretation of or policy on a regulatory issue. Guidance documents include, but are not limited to, documents that relate to: • the design, production, labeling, promotion, manufacturing, and testing of regulated products • the processing, content, and evaluation or approval of submissions • inspection and enforcement policies Guidance documents do not create or confer any rights for or on any person and do not operate to bind FDA or the public. An alternative approach may be used if such approach satisfies the requirements of the applicable statue, regulations, or both. Track-13. Hospital equipment and business and market Medical equipment companies often market their products directly to the physicians who will use them. The goal is to get a doctor to try the product in a surgical setting, for example, and be so satisfied with the performance of the product that he uses that brand for all of his surgeries. The hospital system where the surgeon practices must approve the medical equipment that is used there. Pricing of the products is also negotiated by the hospital. In some cases, physicians’ offices or hospitals may team up to form a group purchasing organization. The medical equipment company must develop relationships with both the surgeons -- whose recommendation to the hospital play a role in which brand is selected -- and the hospital organizations that make the ultimate purchase decision.