Global research and therapeutic approaches towards psychiatry
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Scientific Sessions Track 1: Dissociative Disorders Dissociative disorder is a mental health condition which alters a person's sense of reality. It is characterized by a disconnection between consciousness, thoughts and identity. According to recent survey 2% of people experience dissociative disorders. Women are more likely to be diagnosed then men. The symptoms of a dissociative disorder usually first develop as a response to a traumatic event, such as abuse or stressful situations. The goal of this session is to understand the manifestation, prognosis, treatment and diagnosis of various types of dissociative disorders. Treatment for dissociative disorders often involves psychotherapy and medication. There are three main types of dissociative disorders defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; they are Dissociative Amnesia, Dissociative identity disorder and Depersonalization disorder Multiple, Borderline and Paranoid Personality Disorder and three major types of Dissociative identity disorder which we will be focusing on in our conference. Track 2: Childhood and Pediatric Psychiatry Mental disorders diagnosed in children are mainly divided into two categories: childhood disorders and learning disorders. They are diagnosed when the child is of school-age, some adults may also relate to some of the symptoms of these disorders. Most common developmental disorder is mental retardation. As per the CDC report, more than one out of every 100 school children in the United States has some form of mental retardation. The second most common developmental disorder is cerebral palsy which is then followed by autism spectrum disorders. Our conference will address all areas pertinent to various childhood disorders including Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Attachment Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder and Mood Dysregulation Disorder. According to a recent study about 7 percent of kids worldwide have ADHD. As per the U.S. Surgeon General, about 20% of American children suffer from a diagnosable mental illness during a given year. Nearly 5 million American children and adolescents suffer from a serious mental illness. Track 3: Forensic Psychiatry Forensic psychiatry is a field of psychiatry which deals with the assessment and treatment of mentally disordered offenders and criminals. It is an interface between mental health and law. Work of forensic patients is stimulating as patients present with diverse psychopathologies and complex psycho-social difficulties. Forensic psychiatrists have to balance the risk to society and the needs of the individual. They provide medical treatment in a secure environment or where patients are subject to legal restrictions. Our conference will be focusing about recent developments in forensic psychiatry, criminological studies, ethical issues in forensic psychology and behavioral forensic science. Track 4: Emergency Psychiatry Emergency psychiatry is the application of psychiatry in emergency settings. The conditions requiring psychiatric interventions may include substance abuse, attempted suicide, psychosis, depression violence or other rapid changes in behavior. According to National Hospital Discharge Survey: 2010 the number of discharges with psychoses as first-listed diagnosis is 1.5 million and average length of stay for mental disorders: 7.2 days. The goal of this session is to understand various psychiatric interventions such as, depression, attempted suicide, psychosis, violence or any other rapid changes in behavior. Track 5: Geriatric Psychiatry Geriatric psychiatry is also known as psychogeriatrics is a subspecialty of psychiatry dealing with the treatment, study and prevention of mental disorders in humans with old age. According to recent data indicate that an estimated that about 20.4 percent of adults aged 65 and older fulfilled the criteria for a mental disorder. In this session we will be discussing about the various aspects of geriatric psychiatry, its study, prevention and treatment. Track 6: Psychiatric Aspects of Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive illness that causes unusual shifts in mood and energy. The symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. These symptoms can result in damaged relationships and even suicide. Bipolar disorder can be treated; people with this illness can lead full productive lives. At least half of all cases start before age 25. The people with bipolar disorder experience unusually intense emotional states that occur in distinct periods called mood episodes. Every mood episode represents a drastic change from a person's usual mood and behavior. Overly joyful or overexcited state is called a manic episode; an extremely sad or hopeless state is called a depressive episode. The goal of this session is to understand the manifestation, treatment and diagnosis of various aspects of bipolar disorders like imaging and genetics of bipolar disorder. Track 7: Schizophrenia: Behavioral Disorder Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness which interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, make decisions, and manage emotions. It is a long-term medical illness; it affects people of all age. Schizophrenia can occur at any age, the average age of onset tends to be in the late teens to the early 20s for men and late 20s to early 30s for women. Schizophrenia isn't a split personality or multiple personality. Symptoms may include: Delusions, Hallucinations, Disorganized thinking, Negative symptoms are sometimes confused with clinical depression. Our conference will address all areas pertinent to onset, genetics, prognosis, treatment and diagnosis of schizophrenia. Track 8: Addictive Disorders Addiction or Addictive disorders have a huge impact on individuals and society through the direct adverse effects of drugs and functional consequences of altered neuroplasticity in the brain which causes loss of productivity. The effect of addiction includes impaired control over substances, preoccupation with substance, continued use despite consequences and denial. Potential addictions include behavioral and cyber addiction, substance abuse, gambling and alcohol addiction. Recently, only substance addictions and gambling addiction are recognized by the DSM-5. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an estimated 22.3 million Americans ages 12 and older suffered from a substance abuse problem about 15.5 million abused alcohol alone. The goal of this session is to understand various aspects of addiction and its treatment and rehabilitation. Track 9: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder caused by very frightening or stressful distressing events. It is estimated to affect about 1 in every 3 people who have a traumatic experience. Panic disorders and anxiety are most common in person suffering from PTSD. We will be discussing about the major causes, symptoms of PTSD such as depression, domestic harassment and abuse or trauma. Track 10: Psychosis and Adverse Behavior Psychosis is an abnormal condition of the mind, where the person suffering loses contact with the reality. Major symptoms of psychosis are delusions and hallucinations. Adverse Behavior is mainly triggered by other conditions like trauma, stress or other psychiatric disorders. In our conference we will be discussing about causes, symptoms and recovery from psychosis. Track 11: Neuro Feedback and Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Deep brain stimulation involves implanting electrodes or brain pacemaker within areas of brain. Those electrodes produce electrical impulses that regulate abnormal impulses. DBS is an interface between neurology and psychiatry. DBS is also being studied as a treatment for epilepsy, headaches, major depression and Tourette syndrome. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is one of the most invasive neuromodulation techniques available in recent times. Our conference will address all areas related to Psychosurgery, neuro feedback mechanism and side effects of DBS. Track 12: Psychoactive Medication Psychoactive Medication often helps in treating depression, anxiety and other psychological complications. It does not affect the underlying causes of these disorders, but it provides symptomatic relief to allow people to live more normal lives. Most of the drugs covered in this section have numerous effects on the nervous system. Psychotropic drugs for the treatment of mental illness are dependent on the disorder for which they are prescribed. Mainly it is used as an enhancing therapy for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Based on the data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Males (4.2%) were more likely than females (2.2%) to use ADHD drugs. Females (4.5%) were more likely than males (2.0%) to use antidepressants. The goal of this session is to understand the relationship between antipsychotics and psychotherapy, role of Akt/GSK3 signaling and dopamine in the action of psychotropic drugs. Track 13: Advanced Therapeutics for Psychiatric Disorders Psychotherapy is often used either alone or in combination with medications to treat mental illnesses. Nowadays extraordinary advances have been made in the treatment of mental illness. Treatment methods for psychiatric disorders can be differentiated as either somatic or psychotherapeutic. In our conference we will be discussing about electroconvulsive therapy, somatic treatments including drugs and deep brain stimulation such as Trans cranial magnetic stimulation therapy on psychotherapeutic treatments including psychotherapy and behavior therapy techniques such as hypnotherapy, Dialectrical behavior therapy and mindfulness-based therapies.