Exploring the Tailored Strategies and Lucid Technologies in Toxicology and Pharmacology
Toxicologists, Pharmacologists, Forensic professionals, Criminologists, Investigators, Clinicians, Pathologists, Researchers, Academic scientists, Industry professionals, Corporate Managers, Lab Directors and Decision makers from all corners of the Pharma, Biotech and Health Care industries across the globe.
OMICS Group is proud to host the 4th Global Summit on Toxicology during August 24-26, 2015 at Philadelphia, USA. The theme of Toxicology 2015 is "Exploring the Tailored Strategies and Lucid Technologies in Toxicology and Pharmacology".
Toxicolgy global summit is a venue where you can share your research views and ideas in latest scientific achievements in the arena of toxicology & applied pharmacology and other related disciplines. By attending the event you can expand your scientific horizon from the lectures will be given by Nobel laureates, World class scientists and other distinguished leaders in the field of toxicology.
Track 1: Organ Systems Toxicity
The extent to which an organ system can be damaged by a toxicant is termed as Organ System Toxicity. It is dose dependent and species specific.
Certain chemicals interfere with the body’s endocrine system resulting in adverse developmental, reproductive, neurological and immune effects. Such chemicals are termed as Endocrine Disruptors. They interfere with both human and animal endocrine systems. Endocrine Disruptors are either natural or synthetic. They may also lead to carcinogenesis. They may be otherwise called as Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals or Endocrine Disrupting compounds or Hormonally Active agents.
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology deals with the study of the hazards associated with some chemical substances, which interfere with normal reproduction. These substances adversely affect sexual functions and fertility of both adult males and females. They induce adverse effects on the foetus also. Teratogens are well known group of substances which are toxic for reproduction.
Track 2: Applied Toxicology
Toxicology is a branch of biology, chemistry, and medicine (more specifically pharmacology) concerned with the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms. It also studies the harmful effects of chemical, biological and physical agents in biological systems that establishes the extent of damage in living organisms. The relationship between dose and its effects on the exposed organism is of high significance in toxicology. Factors that influence chemical toxicity include the dosage (and whether it is acute or chronic); the route of exposure, the species, age, sex and environment.
Applied Toxicology uses scientific principles and procedures in conjunction with other scientific and technical disciplines to determine the physiological effect and the safety of the substances administered.
Various disciplines of applied toxicology includes: Forensic toxicology integrates toxicology and other sciences such as chemistry, pharmacology, physiology, clinical chemistry to investigate toxic substances, environmental chemicals or poisonous substances.
Applications include testing for illicit drugs or legal ones such as alcohol by taking blood samples.
Medical toxicology, deals with the treatment of acute or chronic poisoning, adverse drug reactions, overdoses and other chemical exposures.
Medical toxicology and clinical toxicology are closely related where in clinical toxicology involves non physicians as well.Clinical Toxicology Summit deals with all principal concepts of clinical toxicology
Veterinary toxicology is involved in the study of the effect of poisons on animals.
Analytical toxicology deals with the identification and measurement of foreign chemical substances on biological systems. Analytical toxicology can assist in the diagnosis, management, prognosis, and prevention of poisoning. Efficacy of treatment regimens can also be evaluated and compared using analytical toxicology concepts.
Nanomaterials are the substances with size ranging from 1-100 nanometres. They have large surface area to volume ratios. These properties make them unique when compared to their larger counterparts. Nanotoxicology is the study and application of toxicity of nanoparticles. It deals with the study of extent to which the properties of the nanomaterials influence the biological systems.
Track 3: Genetic Toxicology
Genetic toxicology deals with the study of effects of different physical, chemical and biological substances on genetic material. It identifies the possible reasons for occurrence of birth defects, heritable mutations and carcinogenesis.
Mutations are caused due to genetic damage. The property of the chemical agent which causes the genetic damage is studied under genotoxicity. Mutations are the main cause for carcinogenesis.
Mutagenesis occurs spontaneously in the nature which results in the change in genetic information of an organism in a stable manner. It may also occur due to mutagens.
Genotoxic chemotherapy induces DNA damage in the cancer cells thus leading to their death. It is done by using one or more genotoxic drugs. Damage done to a cancer is passed on to descendent cancer cells as proliferation continues. Apoptosis is induced under severe conditions.
Track 4: Toxicity Testing Market & Business Opportunities
Toxicity Testing Summit a part of Toxicology conference deals with various aspects like Animal testing for Toxicity, Alternatives to animal testing, Emerging in vitro models etc.
Animal testing for toxicity is a part of the non-clinical laboratory testing of pharmaceuticals. It is the best method to effectively predict the toxic effects of drugs on human beings. Many alternatives have evolved for animal testing now. Alternatives to animal testing includes Emerging in vitro models: These are based on human cell and tissue cultures computerized patient-drug databases and virtual drug trials computer models and simulations stem cell and genetic testing methods non-invasive imaging techniques such as MRIs and CT Scans micro dosing-a technique in which humans are given very low quantities of a drug to test the effects on the body on the cellular level, without affecting the whole body system). In vivo imaging is a process in which living animals are visualised. This technique is mainly intended for drug development. In vivo imaging helps in observing changes in the biological systems at different levels of organisation.
Measurement of toxicity and toxicants is done by assessing the effect of the toxic substance on the biological systems. Factors such as age, gender, body weight influence the response of bio systems to the same dose.Therefore various elements like Lethal dose (LD50), Fixed-dose procedure etc. are to be employed for the measurement of toxicity.
Track 5: Environmental Toxicology
Environmental toxicology is the study of the harmful effects of various chemical, biological and physical agents on living organisms at different levels of ecosystem. Many sources lead to environmental toxicity which includes toxicants from pollutants, insecticides, pesticides, fertilizers, industrial and metallic toxicants. All these agents have a profound influence on the living organisms. This may result in the imbalance of ecosystem.
Anthropogenic factors, manufactured chemicals etc. have a major impact on aquatic ecosystems. The first affected population due to the environmental pollutant burdens is the aquatic population. Aquatic toxicology studies the impact of these factors on the aquatic organisms at various levels of organisation and ecosystem.
Aquatic toxicology is a multidisciplinary field which integrates toxicology, aquatic ecology and aquatic chemistry.
The chemical substances which are used to kill, injure or incapacitate human beings with their toxic properties are called as Chemical Warfare Agents. These agents can be any state-solid, liquid, gas or volatile. These are inexpensive and relatively easy to manufacture.
The chemical warfare agents may be classified into Harassing agents, Incapacitating agents, Lethal agents, Blood agents, Choking agents, Nerve agents.
Track 6: Regulatory Toxicology
Regulatory toxicology predicts the extent to which a chemical substance can cause harm and then form regulations to minimise the risk.
Toxicokinetics deals with the study of the rate at which a chemical enters the body and what happens to it in the body. Toxicodynamics determines the number of receptors that can interact with the toxic agents. For better understanding and prediction of adverse health outcomes caused by xenobiotic Computational Toxicology develops mathematical and computer based models. Food Safety and Risk Analysis, Human Health and Environmental Risk Assessment are evaluated under Systems Toxicology
Track 7: Applied Pharmacology
Pharmacology deals with the study of drugs. In detail it deals with the properties of drugs, their action, interactions between drug molecules and their target sites, the mechanisms by which they elicit pharmacological action.
The discipline of pharmacology can be divided into many sub disciplines each with a specific focus, Clinical pharmacology being one among them. Clinical pharmacology deals with the study of clinical use of drugs and understanding new drug therapies. Applied Pharmacology can of use in the following areas:
Help assess data obtained from clinical study
In the better understanding of ADME Drug Transport Mechanism
Drug interactionscan be explained better using the concepts of Applied Pharmacology.
Provides explanation for different drugs having related pharmacological action.
In the assessment of Drug Abuse and Addiction
Track 8: Biotoxins
Biotoxins are toxic substances which have a biological origin such as Toxic Plants In some organisms biotoxins have no advantages whereas in some they serve as means of predation or defence. Biotoxins vary in function, mechanism and form. They may be complex molecules or simple proteins. They come in many forms and can be produced by nearly every type of living organism.
There are: mycotoxins, produced by fungi. Neurotoxins mainly affect the nervous systems of animals. Organisms that possess neurotoxins include venomous animals like scorpions, box jellyfish, elapid snakes, cone snail, blue-ringed octopus, venomous fish. Cyanotoxins are the biotoxins produced by cyanobacteria.
Microbial Toxicity Summit is a key part of the Toxicology Summit dealing with different kinds of biotoxins
Track 9: Pharmacovigilance and Toxicologists Meetings
Pharmacovigilance , is the pharmacological science which deals with identifying, collecting, detecting, assessing, monitoring, and preventing adverse effects caused by pharmaceutical products. It mainly focuses on adverse drug reactionsor ADRs, which are unintended pharmacological responses. Adverse drugs reactions may be caused due to overdose misuse or abuse of drugs. Pharmacoviglilance departments go into an agreement with patients and health care providers to obtain data which forms their medical literature
Pharmacovigilance thus plays a crucial role in identifying the hazards associated with pharmaceuticals and also deals with minimising the risk of occurrence of adverse drug reactions.
In the Toxicologists Meetings a forum is provided where scientists, academia and other professionals cite their research works, exchange information and ideas and thus help in fostering Toxicology. Known and respected for its preeminent conferences, OMICS brings together leading experts from academia, business and government to address relevant toxicology topics with proceedings published as a, journal article compilation.